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WHITE CRANE GONG FU HISTORY
The style of White Crane kung fu is divided into various techniques ancestral Crane, Crane eating, flying cranes and crane screaming, various styles are inspired by the movements of the white crane true.
The founder of this style of kung fu that exactly resembles the movements of the white crane.
was an old monk named Xinglong was that over the years became known to his students the technique of Crane, was later diffused among the people, always at that time a young girl she also a scholar of the style of White Crane managed to improve his technique since watched day and night, the movements of the animal, his style is strengthened to the point that it became officially the style of white Crane.
In recent times, the style of White Crane is still taught by many teachers,
The most important Masters of this style in the world are
Master Lin Yuan Dun and Master Ron Goninan
The principle of the crane style is the defense, the hands move as if they were the wings of a crane and powerful strokes can be compared to the powerful beak of the crane. But not everyone is able to practice this technique because the training is very hard and severe, also in addition to the use of hands using weapons such as swords and long stick.
The style of the white crane is very useful
for personal defense
but also to improve its internal energy
and for wellness of the body
WING CHUN HISTORY
Wing Chun is the name of a system of martial arts developed in southern China approximately 300 years ago. Its originator, the Buddhist nun Ng Mui, was a master of Shaolin Kung Fu and used this knowledge to invent a way to take advantage of the weaknesses inherent in the other Shaolin systems. This new system was well-guarded and passed on to only a few, very dedicated students. Later, the style became known as Wing Chun, after Ng Mui's first student, a woman named Yim Wing Chun.In 1949, Yip Man, who was considered to be the grandmaster of modern Wing Chun, brought the style out of China into Hong Kong and eventually to the rest of the world.The origin of Wing Chun Kung Fu as told by the late Grandmaster Yip Man before his death... Exerpts from The Story of My Father: Yip Man the Great Grandmaster of the Wing Chun Style by Master Yip Chun
The founder of the Wing Chun Kung Fu System, Miss Yim Wing Chun was a native of Canton [Kwangtung Province] in China. She was an intelligent and athletic young girl, upstanding and forthright. Her mother died soon after her betrothal to Leung Bok Chau, a salt merchant of Fukien. Her father, Yim Yee, was wrongfully accused of a crime and, rather than risk jail, they slipped away and finally settled down at the foot of Tai Leung Mountain near the border between Yunan and Szechuan provinces. There they earned a living by running a shop that sold bean curd.During the reign of Emperor K'anghsi of the Ching Dynasty (1662-1722) Kung Fu became very strong in the Siu Lam [Shaolin] Monastery of Mt. Sung, in Honan Province. This aroused the fear of the Manchu government [a non-Chinese people from Manchuria in the North, who ruled China at that time], which sent troops to attack the Monastery. Although they were unsuccessful, a man named Chan Man Wai, a recently appointed civil servant seeking favor with the government, suggested a plan. He plotted with Siu Lam monk Ma Ning Yee and others who were persuaded to betray their companions by setting fire to the monastery while soldiers attacked it from the outside. Siu Lam was burned down, and the monks and disciples scattered. Buddhist Abbess Ng Mui, Abbot Chi Shin, Abbot Pak Mei, Master Fung To Tak and Master Miu Hin escaped and went their separate ways.Ng Mui took refuge in the White Crane Temple on Mt. Tai Leung [also known as Mt. Chai Har]. It was there she met Yim Yee and his daughter Wing Chun from whom she often bought bean curd on her way home from the market. At fifteen, with her hair bound up in the custom of those days to show she was of an age to marry, Wing Chun's beauty attracted the attention of a local bully. He tried to force Wing Chun to marry him, and his continuous threats became a source of worry to her and her father.Ng Mui learned of this and took pity on Wing Chun. She agreed to teach Wing Chun fighting techniques so she could protect herself. Wing Chun followed Ng Mui into the mountains, and began to learn Kung Fu. She trained night and day, until she mastered the techniques. Then she challenged the bully to a fight and beat him.Ng Mui later traveled around the country, but before she left she told Wing Chun to strictly honor the Kung Fu traditions, to develop her Kung Fu after her marriage, and to help the people working to overthrow the Manchu government and restore the Ming Dynasty.After her marriage Wing Chun taught Kung Fu to her husband Leung Bok Chau. He in turn passed these techniques on to Leung Lan Kwai.
Leung Lan Kwai then passed them on to Wong Wah Bo. Wong Wah Bo was a member of an opera troupe on board a junk, known to Chinese as the Red Junk. Wong worked on the Red Junk with Leung Yee Tei. It so happened that Abbot Chi Shin, who fled from Siu Lam, had disguised himself as a cook and was then working on the Red Junk.
Chi Shin taught the Six-and-a-half-point Long Pole techniques to Leung Yee Tei. Wong Wah Bo was close to Leung Yee Tei, and they shared what they knew about Kung Fu. Together they shared and improved their techniques, and thus the Six-and-a-half-point Long Pole was incorporated into Wing Chun Kung Fu. Leung Yee Tei passed his Kung Fu on to Leung Jan, a well known herbal Doctor in Fat Shan. Leung Jan grasped the innermost secrets of Wing Chun, attaining the highest level of proficiency. Many Kung Fu masters came to challenge him, but all were defeated. Leung Jan became very famous. Later he passed his Kung Fu on to Chan Wah Shan, who took me and my elder Kung Fu brothers, such as Ng Siu Lo, Ng Chung So, Chan Yu Min and Lui Yu Jai, as his students many decades ago.It can thus be said that the Wing Chun System was passed on to us in a direct line of succession from its origin.
Ip Man History
Grandmaster Ip Kai Man (October 1, 1893 – December 2, 1972) was born in into the wealthy and well-known family of Ip Oi Dor and Ng Shui in Foshan City, Guangdong Province, China. He was just a toddler when the Qing government began to crack, and grew up during the turbulent years of a Chinese war against Japan and the internal Boxer Rebellion.At the age of twelve, Ip Man began to watch the Kung Fu classes taught by Master Chan Wah Shan on the main street of Foshan (Song Yuen Dai Gai). Fascinated, he begged the master to accept him as a student. Master Chan originally rebuffed him, saying that spoiled rich kids made poor students of Kung Fu. To get rid of Ip Man once and for all, Master Chan said that he required a payment of 500 Tai Yeung (silver dollars) to become a student. His plan worked, for a while.
The following year, Ip Man returned to Master Chan with the requested money. Chan Wah Shan at first was shocked and claimed Ip Man must be a thief. He took the boy to his father for punishment, only to learn that Ip Man had spent the past year working to earn part of the fee and that his parents had given him the rest. Master Chan had no choice but to accept Ip Man as a student.His first training was intense, but short. Because of the master's advancing age, Ip Man practiced most of his techniques with Chan's second-oldest disciple, Ng Chung-sok. Ip Man was only able to study with Chan Wah Shan for three years before the master passed away. For a short while after that, Ip Man continued to train with Ng Chung-sok.
At the age of 15, Ip Man moved to Hong Kong to attend school at St. Stephen's College. One day Ip Man saw a foreign police officer beating a woman. Ip Man intervened and struck down the officer. The incident brought a small degree of fame, and soon an older man who lived in the same apartment block asked Ip Man about his Kung Fu. He was excited to show off his skills, but the older man dismissed Ip Man's forms as not very good. When challenged to spar using chi sau, Ip Man found himself unable to defend, with the older man entering and striking with ease.
The older man then revealed his identity. He was Leung Bik, the son of Leung Jan. Astounded by his good fortune to meet the son of his teacher's teacher, Ip Man continued his Wing Chun studies with Leung Bik for nearly a decade.At the age of 24, Ip Man returned to Foshan and became a policeman. He taught Wing Chun to other officers, friends and family members but did not open an official school. In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party officially established the People's Republic of China on the mainland. Because Ip Man was an officer in the rival political party, the Kuomintang or Chinese Nationalist Party, he was forced to flee to Hong Kong.
Ip Man established his first school on Castle Peak Road in Sham Shui Po, then later moved to Lee Tat Street in Yau Ma Tei. Over the years, he taught many, many students and gained great popularity as a Kung Fu master. In 1967, Ip Man and his students established the Wing Chun Athletic Association . Grandmaster Ip Man continued to teach there until his death in 1972.
The stories and legends of Ip Man have now become famous, inspiring numerous books and movies. His legacy was carried on by his sons, Ip Ching and Ip Chun, and such famous martial artists as Bruce Lee
The Aikijujutsu is traditional Japanese martial art transmitted for generations within the Takeda family, and disclosed to the public by Takeda Sokaku from the end of the 19th century. The main line of this tradition has been inherited by the son of Sokaku Takeda Tokimune, who then passed it to Kondo Katsuyuki, the only person to have received directly from the Master Tokimune Menkyo Kaiden (license of total transmission), which is the most highest award in Aikijujutsu, and as such continues to be the leader of the tradition of Aikijujutsu today.
The Aikijujutsu is a cultural heritage of the Japanese warrior class with a long history and tradition. Is was developed as a means of self-defense against unprovoked violence, with the ultimate aim of neutralizing violence, not cause it. This is one of the reasons why Aikijujutsu relies on using forms (kata) to train in the art, but does not include any kind of official competition. In addition, the Aikijujutsu goes beyond mere self-defense, and offers a way to temper your body and spirit, with the aim of developing personal character and contributing to the social good.
The Karate is a martial art native to Okinawa which originates from the union of two martial arts: the island Te and Chinese Kenpo and provides the defense with his bare hands, without the use of weapons. For martial art is defined as a fighting technique - the god Mars-. Ancient discipline suitable for the defense of the people, and currently, sport for self-defense. Not to attack.
In the past, there were only men to study it and practice it, but through the centuries, women have approached this discipline.
Although it began as a martial art that teaches combat (but without losing sight of the ongoing commitment to research one's balance), by the time the Karate has turned to the man, in a teaching struggle to not have to fight , to become strong shaping the character, gaining awareness, acquiring the taste of life, the ability to smile and to work with determination and with respect for others. Only when this teaching will be fully understood - say his admirers - the man will be free.
kara means excavation, the space produced by a certain job, empty space, empty image. you is the representation of a hand of half profile view, but it is also the phoneme of business, get to work.
The Japanese word kara-te, on the whole, it consists of empty hand, not the vacuum itself, but in relation to a work, an activity, to work to create a vacuum. The word zen ku indicates that the emptiness of the soul, it can also be pronounced "kara".
These concepts suggest that the practitioner of Karate should train your mind so that it is clear, from empty thoughts of pride, vanity, fear, desire to dominate; should aspire to empty the heart and mind from anything that dulls them, not only in the martial practice, but also in life.
Historically, Okinawa, the birthplace of this martial art, although the meaning of Karate in use, the more often you were using other words: you or bushi no te (hand of a warrior).
Nagashige Hanagusuku, master of Okinawa, he used the Japanese character for "empty hand" in August of 1905 This also refers to the fact that this form of self-defense does not necessarily make use of weapons.
Describe in detail the evolution of karate is very difficult, if not impossible. This is due to a considerable lack of sources. To formulate various theories about the birth and early spread of this martial art you can rely on some rare source and stories transmitted orally; for the development and diffusion from the nineteenth century onwards, the story is more clear.
The history of karate part of an archipelago south of Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, and in particular to one of these: Okinawa. It is not possible to state with certainty whether there was already a form of combat indigenous; However, it is believed that it was already practiced art "secret": the Okinawa-te. The character you , literally means the word "hand", but by extension it can also mean "art" or "technique"; the meaning of Okinawa-te, then, is "martial art of Okinawa." It was practiced exclusively by the nobles, who handed down from generation to generation. According to popular belief the birth of karate is due to the prohibition of the use of weapons in the archipelago of Ryukyu. This is true only in part, since the evolution of this martial art is much longer and more complex. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the conditions of the nobility of Okinawa changed considerably: the sudden impoverishment of the upper classes meant that members of the latter began to engage in trade or crafts. It was through this flattening between the two classes that art "secret" began to penetrate even outside the caste of nobles. The knowledge of you remained one of the few signs of past membership in a high social position. For this reason, the nobles, which have become farmers, this art passed down to very few people, almost in an esoteric way. In doing so there was a dispersion of the art original and the foundations were laid for the various styles of karate. Essential for the birth of tode were also the Chinese martial arts. The people who came to China, even for two or three years, had the opportunity to study the martial arts of the place and, in many cases, they tried to learn them. It must be said that Chinese martial arts are based on philosophical concepts and elaborate conception of the human body. It was therefore impossible to learn Chinese arts in the space of a single trip. The Japanese travelers learned that they could: techniques that spread their physical well-adapted to the more robust physique of a Chinese. It is thought then that it was possible a sort of fusion between the arts come from China, which, however, were not methodical style, and Okinawan tea. A proof of this important cultural exchange between Okinawa and China, there is provided by an experienced teacher at a later date, Ankoh Itosu. In one written by himself sees the origins of karate in Chinese Arts and stresses did not influence neither Buddhism nor Confucianism, as opposed to what we are led to believe.
Leading exponent of this period was Kanga Sakugawa, lord of Okinawa and experienced than you. He was the first teacher who tried to rationalize and codify the arts spread to Okinawa.
However, he spent a few decades before the development of a real school tode. The founder of this school was Sokon Matsumura. His style of tode was called Shuri-te (Shuri martial art) as its Matsumura was a resident in the city of Shuri. He based his teaching on three key points: the practice of indigenous Okinawa; the Japanese art of sword (Jigen-ryu); the practice of Chinese arts. Development is thus the current Karate. One of the most famous Karate Master was GrandMaster Seikichi Odo
Qigong has a history spanning more than 23 centuries. "The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine", the oldest Chinese medical text extant, written during the period of the Warring States in the 4th century. BC says about breathing exercises: "When one feels completely at ease, free from desires and ambitions, develops the Qi genuine, his mind is focused and every disease is eliminated." "You have to breathe the spiritual Qi concentrating the mind and relaxing the muscles in unison. There are numerous texts that spoke of qigong, remember that after the founding of the People's Republic of China Qigong was explored systematically through clinical observation and scientific experimentation; proved its effectiveness in the treatment of hypertension, disorders of the coronary arteries, ulcers in the stomach and duodenum, the gastroptosis, nervous breakdown and nevrastenie, cancer and many chronic diseases. Therapies include qigong were developed by many Chinese medical institutions with different results.
Currently they are making new advances in research on Qigong: 17 institutions, including the Institute of Atomic Energy of the Academy of Natural Sciences, of different individuals have experienced physical reactions and physiological breathing exercises: in more than a thousand experiments, they were able to prove that, during the implementation of the exercises , manifests a series of physical and physiological phenomena that are not present in normal conditions. Some of these effects can be recorded with precision instruments. This shows conclusively that the Qi has a base material and objective. The study of its nature will undoubtedly lead to even promote the research of the biological sciences, physics, chemistry and mathematics. It will open at the same time also new ways to develop medical engineering, the biogenetic, the integration of Chinese medicine and Western high development of the theories of traditional medicine, etc..
Starting in the 70s, even more than a few foreign institutions have undertaken research on Qigong, Qi with the canals and the interdisciplinary methods and understanding and were founded several research institutes in Europe and Asia to the Americas chein.
The main results of Qigong have to pay through the subjective efforts of the patient, the body's functions, and motor control laws in order to purchase the relaxation of the muscles, the stability of the spirit and the peace of mind. E 'on this basis that we have to undertake breathing exercises. Therefore it requires the control of the conscious activities first and then a calm reaction of the emotions in order to get to a state very pleasant and quiet. It 'a therapy that brings into full play the subjective energies of the patient, it strengthens the ability of disease resistance, the ability to prevent or overcome them and regain health.
The system of Qigong includes three aspects: control of the body (postures), mind control (quiet) and the control of breathing (respiration). His influence on the physical is global: all the research on its breathing exercises have clearly demonstrated the positive effects on every organ and system in the human body.
Effects on the nervous system
During the exercises of Qigong, the nervous system, because of mental stillness, is in a state of internal control that implements a protective function positive on the entire body. The mental stillness relieves tension in the cerebral cortex, it reinforces the balancing function and improves the functions of all the physical organs.
The results of scientific research have shown that the practice of Qigong brings the electrical activity of nerve cells in a higher order, which results in lower power consumption and greater efficiency of the brain.
The therapy of Qigong differs from that of sleep since the first urges the subjective energies of the patient to control his nervous activities, so as to obtain a state of sleep but not of "complete relaxation without worries" and "concentration of mind" . This condition favors the positive rest of the cerebral cortex and implements protective functions.
Qigong improves blood circulation by dilating capillaries and strengthening the wrist with deep breathing increases the flow systolic blood while exhaling deep improves diastolic. Breathing exercises can reduce the weight of the heart, so patients of hypertension and arteriosclerosis no longer suffer from hypertrophy and cardiac enlargement.
Electrocardiogram can be seen that the heartbeat slows down after the student of Qigong exercises and, if arrhythmia, it is regularized. With the reduction in heart weight, ll oxygen consumption decreases and improves heart function.
In the practice of Qigong, during abdominal breathing, the organs of the abdominal cavity are like "massaged" and the positive effects are clearly apparent, especially when using the opposite way of breathing or suspension of breathing. The movements of the diaphragm expands to 3-4 times more than normal during exercise. The cyclic change of pressure in the abdominal cavity "massaging" the stomach, intestines, liver, gall bladder and pancreas, promoting gastrointestinal peristalsis together with the secretion of digestive juice. With the decrease of the blood also accumulated in the abdomen, improves digestive function in assimilative.
Prolonged observation does reveal clearly the significant physical effects in the student of Qigong. During abdominal breathing, the range of motion of the diaphragm is 3-4 times greater than normal while the frequency of respiration and the volume of ventilation per minute decreases. In addition, the oxygen consumption decreases by 30% while the metabolic rate of approximately 20% compared to the period prior to the practice of Qigong. This phenomenon is called low physiological and metabolic state, which helps to decrease the consumption of a sick body, to accumulate new energy and strength to overcome illness and regain health.
According to the legend passed down from generation to generation within the schools of Taijiquan, the creator of this art was the famous Zhang Sanfeng, a monaco Daoist who probably lived under the Southern Song (1127-1279).
Already in ancient China the figure of this monaco was receiving a lot of success. In Mingshi (Official History of the Ming Dynasty), we find a chapter titled "Biography of Zhang Sanfeng," according to which the monaco lived from the twelfth to the fourteenth or fifteenth century, more than 200 years. In his biography we read: 'He was a tall, imposing, showed the classic signs of longevity, ie the signs of the turtle and the crane. He had big round eyes and ears. His beard is rizzava furiously, like the blade of a halberd. Summer and winter a simple dress covered it.
According to what has been handed down, Zhang Sanfeng was a great expert on inner alchemy, so much so that many apocryphal works are attributed to him on the subject.
Factors that may explain the choice of Zhang Sanfeng as the creator of Taijiquan are different.
First of all, you must consider the Chinese habit of attributing inventions to eminent personages, whose biography is inspired by the life pattern of the sages of antiquity. Another factor to keep in mind is definitely the close connection between Zhang Sanfeng and Mount Wudang, a pilgrimage in honor of Zhenwu (the true warrior), and the center of the development of Daoist practices. This link is probably a way to mark the distinction between the Shaolin and Wudang tradition through the opposition of a Daoist holy to the celebrated monaco Buddhist Bodhidharma, who is credited with the creation of Shaolin fighting techniques.
What tells us, however, the legend about the creation of Taijiquan?
One day, the hermit Zhang Sanfeng was standing at the window of his hut, when his attention was attracted by the strange cry of a bird. He leaned over and saw a magpie (according to other versions of a sparrow or a crane) scared off from the tree on which he stood. At the foot of the tree there was a snake. In the duel that followed, the magpie was beaten by the snake, which was fighting with flexibility and curvilinear movements. Zhang Sanfeng knew then that flexibility was more effective stiffness, as recalled by several steps of Laozi, he understood the importance of the alternation of Yin and Yang also in the early stages of combat and developed as the first basic movements of Taijiquan.
Another legend tells us instead of how Zhang Sanfeng had learned combat techniques during a dream. We read in Ningbo Fu-chih: Songxi helped people and excelled in unarmed combat. His teacher was the Sun, the thirteenth venerable, who said he had learned his art from Zhang Sanfeng of the Song Dynasty Zhang Sanfeng ... One night, in his sleep, he had the appearance of the emperor black Xuandi, who taught a method of unarmed combat. The next day, when he woke up, he was able to kill more than a hundred bandits alone.
Many argue, however, that Zhang Sanfeng was limited to modify some of the movements from Shaolin tradition. It is said that Zhang Sanfeng, realizing the excessive use of force by the muscle of the Shaolin monks developed a system of movements that would be reliant on energy inward through the breath.
The important thing to remember is to Zhang Sanfeng
the famous encounter with the Eight Immortals
Figures wonderful and unique and full of energy
who conversed with Zhang Sanfeng and from which
I find a lot of inspiration from him and where parts of the whole culture
both for Traditional Chinese Martial Arts for both Chinese Medicine